Visa management

Coming to Spain to study Spanish may not be an easy task. The steps you must take to obtain a study visa may seem complicated, but at FEDELE we want to help you and provide you with the necessary information to make this process as easy as possible for you.

Do I need a visa to study in Spain?

If your visit is for less than 90 days:

If you are from a country whose nationals are exempt from the visa requirement, you do not need to apply for a study visa. Conversely, if you are a national of a country subject to a visa requirement to cross external borders, you do have to apply for a visa.

If your visit is for more than 90 days:

This visa is also necessary if you are going to carry out, for more than 90 days, non-working practices, volunteer services, student mobility, Intern, training stays and studies for the schooling of minors. It is also necessary in the cases of the student’s relatives who wish to stay in Spain for more than 90 days.

If the stay is longer than six months:

You must apply for the foreigner’s identity card within one month of entering Spain, at the Immigration Office or Police Station of the province where the authorization has been processed.

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From FEDELE we have created the following information so that both our federated centers and their students can learn more details about how to manage visas; in order to decrease the number of incidents we receive each day.

In the following lines, the student can find pertinent information for visa management. We have also created a section so that schools can learn more about this bureaucratic process that allows students to stay in our country.

Where to apply for a visa?
How long in advance do you have to request it and what is its duration?
What is the deadline for resolution and issuance of the visa?
What document should I provide?
What are the most common requirements to obtain a student visa?
What are the most common causes of student visa denial?
Where to apply for a visa?

The visa applicant can present the required documentation in person at the nearest Consulate or Embassy to the applicant’s address.

How long in advance do you have to request it and what is its duration?

To ensure you get your visa on time, you can generally apply for it a minimum of 31 days before your departure date, and documentation will not be accepted more than 120 days before your trip. However, we recommend you check the website of the Consulate or Embassy in your country.

The duration of the stay granted will be equal to that of the studies to be carried out, with a maximum limit of one year.

What is the deadline for resolution and issuance of the visa?

The maximum term to notify the resolution is one month from the day following the date of submission of the application at the competent consular office for processing. Once said period has elapsed without the Administration having given an express response, it may be understood that the request has been rejected due to administrative silence.

The visa granted must be collected within two months from the notification. If the collection is not made within the aforementioned period, it will be understood that the interested party has renounced the visa granted and the procedure will be archived.

What document should I provide?
  • Duly completed visa application form that you can download on the Consulate website.
  • Color photographs, passport size, and on a white background.
  • Full and valid passport or travel title, recognized as valid in Spain, with a minimum validity of the period for which the stay is requested.
  • Documentation that proves the purpose of the stay. It is necessary to present a LETTER OF ADMISSION written by the educational center.
  • Health insurance.
  • Letter or criminal record certificate (generally for stays longer than 180 days).
  • Accreditation of accommodation for the duration of the studies.
  • Medical certificate that validates that the applicant does not suffer from diseases that may seriously affect public health.
  • Documents that justify the availability of means of subsistence for the entire period for which the visa is requested. If the applicant is financially dependent, the documentation will be that of the family member and must be notarized and duly apostilled.

IMPORTANT: It is possible that some countries request other types of documentation. Please, check the page of the Spanish Embassy / Consulate in your country through this link to check the documentation requested:

What are the most common requirements to obtain a student visa?
  • Not be a citizen of a State of the European Union, the European Economic Area or Switzerland, or a relative of citizens of these countries to which the Union citizens regime applies.
  • Not being prohibited from entering Spain and not appearing as rejectable in the territorial space of countries with which Spain has signed an agreement to that effect.
  • Have sufficient financial means to defray the expenses of stay and return to their country and, where appropriate, those of their relatives, in accordance with the following amounts:
  • For its support, monthly, 100% of the IPREM, unless it is duly accredited to have paid in advance for the accommodation for the entire duration of the stay.
  • Have public or private health insurance arranged with an insurance company authorized to operate in Spain.
  • In the case of minor students who are not accompanied by their parents or guardians, their authorization, with proof of the center, organization, entity, and body responsible for the activity and the planned period of stay.
  • Have been admitted to an authorized teaching center in Spain, for the realization of a full-time program, leading to the obtaining of a degree or certificate of studies.

In the event that the duration of the stay exceeds six months, it will require:

  • In the case of adults of criminal age, lack a criminal record in Spain and in their previous countries of residence for the last five years for crimes existing in the Spanish law.
  • Not suffer from any of the diseases that may have serious public health repercussions in accordance with the provisions of the International Health Regulations of 2005.

IMPORTANT: Each country has a series of specific requirements, so we recommend consulting the page of the Embassy / Consulate of Spain in your country through this link:

What are the most common causes of student visa denial?

To answer this question, we must refer to article 39.9 of the Aliens Regulation, which provides what we transcribe below:

The visa or stay authorization will be denied:

  1. In your case, when the applicant’s criminal record is established in the countries of residence during the last five years for crimes provided for in Spanish law.
  2. When to substantiate the petition, false documents have been presented or inaccurate allegations have been made, or in bad faith.
  3. When there is a legally established cause of inadmissibility for processing that was not appreciated at the time of receipt of the request.


In addition, to complement the answer, it is necessary to agree to the aforementioned norm with the fourth additional provision of the Immigration Law, which regulates the grounds of inadmissibility of applications in the area of ​​immigration. These are as follows:

  1. Lack of legitimacy of the applicant, or insufficient accreditation of representation.
  2. Presentation of the application outside the legally established period.
  3. In the case of repetition of a request that has already been denied, provided that the circumstances that led to the denial have not changed.
  4. When there is an administrative sanctioning procedure against the applicant in which the expulsion may be proposed or when an expulsion order, judicial or administrative, has been decreed against it, unless, in the latter case, the expulsion order had been revoked or found in one of the cases regulated by articles 31 bis, 59, 59 bis or 68.3 of this law.
  5. When the applicant is prohibited from entering Spain.
  6. In the case of manifestly unfounded requests.
  7. When they refer to foreigners who are in an irregular situation in Spain unless they can be found in one of the cases in article 31, section 3.
  8. When the said request is not made personally and said circumstance is required by law.

Do you want the summary information?

You can download our infographic where we present the most important information so that you can consult it when you need it: